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Remembering the Holocaust: The Holocaust and American Popular Culture, 1945-1967

There is incontrovertible proof that between 1937 and 1945 more than six million Jews were slaughtered in Europe. Despite the overwhelming evidence of this tragedy, a growing number of people deny that the Holocaust occurred. Deborah Lipstadt comprehensively studies this phenomenon in her book Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory (1993).

Lipstadt received widespread acclaim for Beyond Belief: The American Press and the Coming of the Holocaust (1986). This work on Holocaust deniers has been cited by The New York Times as one of the notable books of the year.

Presently, her work is focused on the Holocaust's impact on American culture in the post-World War II period. This coincides with the Athenaeum's series of programs designed to examine the era during which Claremont McKenna College was founded.

Deborah Lipstadt is the Dorot Professor of Modern Jewish and Holocaust Studies at Emory University. In 1994 President Clinton appointed her to the United States Holocaust Memorial Council, which oversees the Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C. Lipstadt helped to design a section of this museum and currently chairs the museum's education committee.

In addition to her books, Lipstadt is a frequent contributor to newspapers and magazines, including The New York Times, Time, Newsweek, the Los Angeles Times, and The Baltimore Sun. She has appeared on CNN, 60 Minutes, and Today.

Election Night Celebration

The excitement of an election culminates on election night. Professor John J. Pitney joins the Athenaeum for discussion and commentary on the importance of the results of national and state elections on November 5. He will also comment on "live" television coverage of the election results projected on the large screen in the Security Pacific Dining Room. Although not a fortune teller, Pitney has keen insight into the political process and the 1996 political climate.

After receiving his M.A. from Yale University in 1978, Pitney began his political career in his home state of New York as a legislative assistant for State Senator John R. Dunne. He later worked for the U.S. House Republican research committee while completing his Ph.D., also from Yale. During a leave of absence from CMC, Pitney was acting director of the Republican National Committee's research department.

A professor of government at CMC since 1986, Pitney has published numerous scholarly articles and coauthored the book, Congress' Permanent Minority?: Republicans in the U.S. House (1994). In 1995 he received the Glenn R. Huntoon, Jr. Teaching Award and in 1988, the Richard Shure Faculty Award.

You won't want to miss this lively evening of political history "in the making." A special menu is being planned, featuring Kansas T-bone steaks for the Republicans and Arkansas baby-back ribs for the Democrats-plus vegetarian entrees, of course. Owing to the popularity of this event, only CMC students, faculty, and staff are eligible to attend.

A Road Less Taken: A Journey and Overview of Environmental Education

As a former "Leader in the Making," Diane Silver is much like her fellow grads in her outstanding achievements at CMC and beyond. What distinguishes her from the rest is the field in which she exercises her leadership and scholarship skills.

As part of the "Parks as Classrooms" initiative of the National Park Service, Silver coordinates a residential environmental education program for elementary and junior high school students. The Cuyahoga Valley Environmental Education Center is located in Ohio's Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area.

Silver's journey from Claremont to Ohio took somewhat of a circuitous route, something familiar to this former track and cross country runner. Although she majored in psychology and economics and was a Truman Scholar, Silver opted for an unexpected path. She received a master of science degree in 1993 from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, at its School of Natural Resources and Environment.

Silver's contribution to the environmental awareness and outdoor skills of children reverberates as they return to their communities and make a difference in their local environment.

Diane Silver returns to Claremont as part of the alumni series "The Winning Spirit in Sports and in Life."

Jerusalem in the 20th Century

Home to some of the holiest sites of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, Jerusalem has occupied a central, and frequently explosive, place during some of the major historical events of the 20th century. Ever since Israel gained its independence from British colonial rule, competition for control of Jerusalem has been the cause of violent confrontation. The battle for Jerusalem continues today in the form of acrimonious negotiations between Israel and the PLO.

The Henry Salvatori Center and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum are pleased to present the official biographer of Sir Winston Churchill, Martin Gilbert, who has published six volumes of the Churchill biography and a further nine volumes of Churchill's collected papers. Gilbert will shed light on the troubles in Jerusalem in a discussion of his new book, Jerusalem in the 20th Century. Gilbert combines penetrating insight and expert command of historical facts to offer a compelling interpretation of Jerusalem's past and present situation.

Among Gilbert's numerous other writings are two books on the Jewish experience in World War II, Auschwitz and the Allies (1981)and Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (1986), and a chronicle of the struggle of Russian Jews attempting to emigrate from the former Soviet Union, Jew of Hope: The Plight of Soviet Jews Today (1986). He has also published several historical mapbooks, including The Jewish History Atlas (1969) and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Atlas (1975).

A fellow of Merton College, Oxford, since 1962, Gilbert was knighted in 1995 by the Queen of England. That same year he accompanied British Prime Minister John Major on his trips to the Middle East and Washington.

Veteran's Day Commemoration

Duty, Honor, Country

Colonel Lewis Lee Millet could be said to have military service in his blood. He is a descendent of Thomas Millet, who was killed during the Indian Massacre at the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1675. Since then, a member of the Millet family has served in virtually every major military conflict in which the United States has engaged, including the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, World Wars I and II, and the Vietnam War.

Colonel Millet has had a long and distinguished career with the United States military, serving in World War II and the Korean and Vietnam Wars when things were the toughest. During this time he held positions as antiaircraft machine gunner, tank commander, artillery gunner, reconnaissance sergeant, and paratrooper. He was the first man to rappel from a helicopter in Vietnam and the last man to lead a company in a bayonet attack. Known for bravery in combat, Millet has gone behind enemy lines time after time. When surrounded in Africa, he and another soldier drove the last remaining vehicle over nearly impassable mountainous terrain to evade a German Panzer attack. In Italy, surrounded on the wrong side of the lines, he called the artillery to bombard his own position to stop the attack. In North Korea, ambushed in a medical convoy, he crawled back to the front lines to lead two wounded soldiers to safety.

Millet has an A.B. degree in political science from Park College, Missouri, and a doctor of humane letters from Emerson College, Massachusetts. He has served as a justice of the peace and has been a candidate for the United States Congress. His awards include the Silver Star, three Bronze Stars, four Purple Hearts, the Medal of Honor, and the Distinguished Service Cross.

Please join the Athenaeum as CMC pays tribute to America's veterans and welcomes one of the country's most distinguished soldiers to deliver the annual Veteran's Day address.

A Rain Forest 40 Stories Tall: The History and Ecology of the California Coast Redwoods

When the first white settlers followed their manifest destiny as far as the western coast, they found inspiration in the giant trees living there. The ancient, heaven-grazing redwoods seemed like proof of the West's largesse.

As of today, over 95 percent of the old-growth redwoods are gone. Those that still stand continue to inspire wonder and humility in those who see them.

Selected by the national science honorary society Sigma Xi as a distinguished national lecturer for the 1996-97 academic year, Chris Brinegar is currently researching the use of DNA fingerprinting to study the genetic diversity of California coast redwoods. Standing up to 400 feet tall and living up to 2,000 years, these magnificent trees are tied to dramatic events in both human and ecological history.

Brinegar, too, was struck by the redwoods when he moved to California and went on to become an expert in their history, ecology, and prospects for the future.

Brinegar is an associate professor of plant molecular biology at San Jose State University, and he holds degrees from the University of Notre Dame, Cornell, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His lecture is sponsored by the Claremont chapter of Sigma Xi and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum.

Crossing the Border: U.S. Latino Writers on the Move

If you have never read any of the numerous articles that Richard Rodriguez has written for such publications as Harper's, U.S. News & World Report, The New York Times, Mother Jones, New Republic, or the Sunday Opinion section of the Los Angeles Times; never heard any of the essays he regularly contributes to the Jim Lehrer News Hour; never looked into his books Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez (1983) or Days of Obligation: An Argument with My Mexican Father (1992), the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies invites you to take the first step in closing the gap in your knowledge of one of America's most acclaimed-and controversial-writers. Rodriguez's Athenaeum presentation will be the sixth in the Gould Center's series devoted to U.S. Latino writers.

Praised for his exquisite prose, while criticized for his views on such issues as affirmative action, ethnicity, and the social and cultural differences between peoples of the Americas, Rodriguez has forged for himself a singular place in contemporary letters. Rodriguez's voice is one of irony, of plaintive reflection on the inevitable loss wrought by Americanization, by the "manifest destiny" of an immigrant nation.

Rodriguez is a contributing editor at Harper's and U.S. News World Report as well as editor at Pacific News Service in San Francisco, where he makes his home. Among the many citations he has won are the Frankel Medal from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the International Journalism Award from the World Affairs Council of California.

The Disappearance of the Samurai, or Whatever Happened to the Managerial Revolution?

David Reid, an essayist, editor, and independent scholar who attended CMC in the 1960s, will address one of the great illusions of the 1940s in his Athenaeum talk. As a journalist and essayist, David Reid has written on topics as diverse as the secret history of the Beat Generation, the Jonestown massacre, and presidential rhetoric ("Darkness at Noonan"). His writing has appeared in Vanity Fair, Ploughshares, University Publishing, The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, The State of the Language, and the Pushcart Prize collection.

With Leonard Michaels and Raquel Scherr, Reid coedited the bestselling anthology West of the West: Imagining California (1989). Subsequently, he edited and contributed to the prophetic essay collection Sex, Death and God in L.A. (1992), which appeared nine days before the Rodney King verdict.

Reid is currently at work on The Brazen Age: 1944-1950, a cultural and political history of America from V-J Day to Korea, to be published by Pantheon. "The Disappearance of the Samurai" belongs to another work-in-progress: "Secret Agents: The Historical Imagination at the End of the Millennium."

Please join the Athenaeum in welcoming this distinguished alumnus and student of the '40s, David Reid, for a critical and insightful examination of "The Brazen Age."

Crossing the Border: U.S. Latino Writers on the Move

Ruben Martinez, special program director for the Gould Center's fall series on U.S. Latino Writers, has called U.S. Latino literature "a grand opera of characters hailing from different lands whom history has thrown together on the 'border' between their respective worlds. But ... the 'foreign land' in the work of many U.S. Latino writers is the barrio only a few blocks away from the suburb in any American city." To bring down the curtain in the final act of this series, Martinez and the Gould Center have enlisted two native Angelenos-local heroes Luis Alfaro and Marisela Norte-to blend voices in a tandem performance. Not merely from, but fundamentally of, the City of Angels, Alfaro and Norte epitomize in their poetry the sights and sounds, the peril and pride, the adversity and excitement intrinsic of the Latino experience.

Besides being a multidisciplinary artist who works in poetry, plays, short stories, performance art, and journalism, Luis Alfaro is a director, a curator, a producer, and a community organizer. As codirector of the Latino Theatre Initiative at the Mark Taper Forum, he has conceived, written, and directed three mainstage productions, and he has coproduced the world premieres of Marga Gomez's A Line Around the Block (1995) and Guillermo Gomez-Pena's Borderama (1995), as well as the West Coast premieres of Oliver Mayer's Blade to the Heat (1994). He is featured in the PBS series The United States of Poetry, and he has performed in the national tour of Nuyorican Poets Cafe Live! at UCLA's Wadsworth Theater.

Dubbed "East L.A.'s ambassador of culture" by L.A. Weekly, Marisela Norte attributes her love of language and literature-Ingles y Espanol -to her Chihuahua-born father and her Veracruz-born mother. Long revered in the East L.A. barrio, where she was born and still lives, Norte began to reach a wider audience with the 1992 release of her spoken-word compact disc Norte/Word.

In addition to maintaining a busy performance schedule, Norte volunteers much of her time at local primary and secondary schools encouraging students to write.

"I just write about what I see-Whittier Boulevard and the Diaz Bakery and the Cinderella Beauty Shop," remarks Norte, who began keeping a journal at age ten. "As a writer, I view my work as a continuing process, a running commentary ... my own personal newsreel."

An Evening of Slavic Music with the Mei Duo
HAO HUANG, piano

You are cordially invited to the Athenaeum for a night of Slavic passion in sight and sound, the first concert in the Stotsenberg Chamber Music Series for the 1996-97 academic year. The program will feature pianist Hao Huang performing the original solo piano version of Modest Mussorgsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition" (1874), together with slides of the visual works by Alexander Hartman that were the work's direct inspiration.

Hao Huang and violinist Rachel Vetter Huang, known as the Mei Duo, will also perform works by Antonin Dvorak and Bela Bartok, including Dvorak's luscious "Romance" (1879) and Bartok's vivid "Rumanian Dances" (1915). The Mei Duo has been honored by the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities. Together, they have lectured extensively on violin-piano repertoire in chamber music, and they were selected as feature performers for the 1994 world conference of the International Society for Music Education.

Rachel Vetter Huang has appeared as soloist with the Boston Pops, the Concord Symphony Orchestra, and others. She was awarded scholarships to attend the Aspen and Tanglewood Music Festivals, and she has been featured on several radio and television networks on the East Coast. Holding degrees from Harvard University and SUNY Stony Brook, Rachel Vetter Huang is a member of the music faculty at Scripps College.

Hao Huang graduated from Harvard University, Juilliard, and SUNY Stony Brook. Among his awards are the Overman Foundation first prize, the Frank Huntington Beebe grant for European study, and the New York City Solo Debut Artist Award from the China Institute in America. Huang served as an artistic ambassador of the United States Information Agency on four overseas tours. He was a featured soloist at the Cultural Olympiad of Catalonia preceding the Barcelona Olympic Games. Hao Huang is currently a professor of piano at Scripps College and The Claremont Graduate School.

Money: Back to the Future?

Walter Wriston has enjoyed an unchallenged reputation as one of the most influential bankers of the 20th century. A visionary who rose to the top of one of America's giant banks-First National City (later Citibank)-Wriston transformed not only his own institution but much of the finance and banking in the United States and the world. Challenging the White House and Congress as well as the Federal Reserve, Wriston revolutionized consumer banking, the use of bank credit cards, and interstate banking by encouraging deregulation. His practice of free market principles made Citicorp as powerful in world affairs as many countries.

In addition to serving as chairman of Citibank, Wriston was also chairman of President Reagan's Economic Policy Advisory Board. Long an advocate of the use of technology to improve the banking industry, Wriston has become a prophet of cybertechnology in finance.

Walter Wriston has written a number of books and essays, including Risk and Other Four-Letter Words (1986) and The Twilight of Sovereignty (1992). He was the subject of a recent 900-page biography by Phillip L. Zweig, and he was featured on the cover of the October issue of Wired magazine.

Please join us for this talk by one of America's great financial pioneers. Walter Wriston's address is sponsored by the Res Publica Society and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum.