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Hong Kong, PRC: The First 100 Days

Richard Baum has lived and traveled extensively throughout East Asia and is fluent in Chinese (Mandarin dialect). Since 1975 he has made more than 25 trips to Asia. Most recently, he spent eight months in Hong Kong with a group of 16 University of California students, observing and analyzing Hong Kong's transfer of sovereignty from Britain to China. He is currently preparing a book on the Hong Kong handover experience.

The most memorable of his many trips to China was in May 1989, when he witnessed first hand the mass movement of democratic protest that erupted in several Chinese cities on the eve of the Tiananmen Massacre of June 4. After the massacre, he was among the first Western scholars to return to China, sent by his university on a fact-finding mission to Beijing and Shanghai in August 1989.

Baum is professor of political science at UCLA, where he specializes in the study of East Asian politics and international relations. He grew up in Westwood, attended UCLA, and received both his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California, Berkeley.

After joining the UCLA faculty in 1968, Baum served as a director of the National Committee on United States-China Relations and was a founding member of the China Council of the Asia Society. He has been a consultant to numerous public and private organizations, including the U.S. Government, the United Nations, and the RAND Corporation. He is past chairman of the faculty committee on Chinese Studies at UCLA and has twice been voted political science "Professor of the Year."

Baum has written, coauthored, and edited eight books, including Burying Mao: Chinese Politics in the Age of Deng Xiaopin (1994). He has also been a frequent contributor to the editorial pages of the Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and others.

You are welcome to join the Athenaeum and the Keck Center for Strategic and International Studies for this lecture and discussion by Professor Richard Baum.

Revisiting the Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Rhetoric and politics have gone hand in hand since long before ancient Greece. Even in the last century, many of the key figures of political history-Churchill, Kennedy, and Roosevelt-are most vividly recalled by virtue of their inspiring words. Among the greatest of these statesmen was Abraham Lincoln. Though probably best remembered for his speeches as president, Lincoln's influence over American rhetoric and his fame as a speaker really began in the Lincoln-Douglas debates.

In the antebellum period political speeches were published far from where they were given, providing an extended audience with access to fairly localized events. This practice was particularly important with the Lincoln-Douglas debates in the Senatorial race of 1858, as it presented both of these key individuals to the United States at a time when views on slavery, union, and economic measures were becoming fixed.

David Zarefsky's research into the Lincoln-Douglas debates led to his book, Lincoln, Douglas, and Slavery: In the Crucible of Public Debate (1990), which was recognized by the Speech Communication Association with the 1991 Winans-Wichelns Award for Distinguished Scholarship in Rhetoric and Public Address. His receipt of this same award for President Johnson's War on Poverty: Rhetoric and History (1986), makes him one of only two people to have received the award twice.

Zarefsky has been a member of the faculty of the School of Speech at Northwestern University since 1968 and has been associate dean of the School of Speech since 1983. In 1993 he served as president of the Speech Communications Association (SCA), one of the oldest and largest professional organizations for scholars, teachers and practitioners in the fields of communications and performance studies.

Zarefsky received the Distinguished Scholar Award from the SCA in 1994, the Distinguished Service Award from the American Forensics Association and has been elected 12 times to the Associated Student Government Honor Roll of Teaching at Northwestern.

In addition to his two award-winning books, Zarefsky has served on the editorial boards of the Quarterly Jourbal of Speech, Southern Communication Journal, Journal of the Association for Communication Education, and Argumentation and Advocacy.

One Cheer for Censorship

Jazz, rock and roll, and other forms of popular music have placed high among America's leading cultural exports for decades. The international appeal of these genres notwithstanding, government ministries in the old Soviet bloc and central Asia long decried them as vulgar expressions of rapacious Western capitalist decadence. Yet from Baghdad to Bialystok, from the Kremlin to Kuwait, from Moscow to the mosques, appetites for the artistry of Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, Charlie Parker, and Elvis Presley remained insatiable.

To the Gould Center series, Censorship, Politics, and the Culture of Transgression, S. Frederick Starr will bring an international perspective by discussing the history of cultural censorship in the Soviet Union as well as the current situation in the Islamic world. Educated at Yale, Cambridge University, and Princeton, Starr left his teaching post at Princeton to found the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies at the Wilson Center in Washington. From there he moved on to Tulane and to Oberlin College, where he served as president from 1983-94. He has headed the Aspen Institute, founded the Central Asia Institute at Johns Hopkins, and planned work for a new university to be established by the Aga Khan in Tajikistan. An advisor to four Presidents on Russian affairs and a consultant to several post-Soviet governments, Starr remains a regular participant in the World Economic Forum in Switzerland and is the only non-Russian Laureate of the Literary Gazette in Moscow.

An accomplished jazz musician, Starr plays clarinet and saxophone with the Louisiana Repertory Jazz Ensemble, with which he has toured in the U.S. and abroad and performed at the Grammy Awards. Among his many books are Red and Hot: The Fate of Jazz in the Soviet Union (1990) and Bamboula! The Life and Times of Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1995).

Is the Death Penalty Just?

In September the Athenaeum and the Salvatori Center presented former Chicago prosecutor, William Kunkle, to argue the justice of the death penalty. Now we are pleased to welcome prominent capital litigator George Kendall of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc., to argue the other side of this highly controversial issue.

Kendall earned a B.A. in Philosophy and Government from the University of Richmond (Virginia) and a law degree from the Antioch School of Law in Washington, DC. In 1983 he became Staff Attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union's Eleventh Circuit Capital Litigation Project in Atlanta, Georgia. In this position, he represented numerous Georgia inmates with capital sentences in state and federal post-conviction proceedings.

In 1988 Kendall joined the NAACP Legal Defense Fund in New York as a staff attorney in its capital punishment project. In this capacity he handles capital cases at trial, on appeal, and in state and federal post-conviction proceedings. He regularly appears at seminars on capital litigation throughout the country and has taught courses on racism and the death penalty at Yale Law School and the Florida State University College of Law.

Kendall's presentation will focus on the administration of the death penalty in the two decades since the supreme Court upheld the new state statutes passed in the wake of Furman V. Georgia (1972). The states had promised that the new laws would remove or filter away the factors and circumstances that allowed racial discrimination, poverty, and other arbitrary factors to influence the capital sentencing process. Considerable empirical evidence now exists to answer the question whether the current administration of capital punishment is indeed just, or remains flawed with unfairness and arbitrariness.

You won't want to miss another provocative discussion of the justice of the death penalty cosponsored by the Athenaeum and the Salvatori Center.

Documenting the Holocaust: The Task of All History

The hold of the Holocaust over the imagination of the western world is immense. For those involved, either as responsible parties or victims, the dreadful memory looms large as they must reckon with the past and try to move on to the future. As the generations involved in this tragedy are passing away, they have charged newer generations with the task of keeping the memory alive as a warning to the future. An important tool in this task is the video camera. Though documentaries about the Holocaust abound, it has only been recently that the task of recording the living memory has become urgent.

In the forefront of this effort has been Michael Berenbaum, an expert in the use of video to preserve history. With a unique ability to succeed in diverse fields and a driving motivation, Berenbaum has been recognized as an author, scholar, film producer, journalist, and political activist. In 1997 he was named president and chief executive officer of the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation. The nonprofit organization, founded by Steven Spielberg, is dedicated to videotaping and preserving interviews of Holocaust survivors throughout the world. This archive will be used as a tool for global education about the Holocaust and to teach racial, ethnic, and cultural tolerance. Before this appointment, he was Director of the U.S. Holocaust Research Institute of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. He also served as the Museum's Project Director from 1988-93. He has taught at Wesleyan, Yale, and Georgetown Universities.

Berenbaum is the author of twelve books, including The Holocaust: Religious and Philosophical Implications (1989), coauthored with CMC philosophy professor John Roth, as well as numerous scholarly articles and hundreds of journalistic pieces. In addition, he coproduced One Survivor Remembers: The Gerda Weissman Klein Story (1996) which won an Academy Award, an Emmy Award, and the Cable Ace Award.

The Business of Baseball
BILL ARCE P'80, moderator

The pennant races this year highlighted an undeniable fact about our nation's pastime. To succeed in major league baseball, you need to spend money-lots of it. Both of the World Series participants this year-the Cleveland Indians and the Florida Marlins-were near the top of their respective leagues in payroll expenditures, as were the Baltimore Orioles, Cleveland's close competitor in the American League, and the Atlanta Braves of the National League.

Baseball has become a big business, as the era of private family ownership has ended with the sale of the Los Angeles Dodgers to Rupert Murdoch and his vast media empire. To begin to understand what this great sport has meant to the nation and what it may become in the future, it is necessary to take a look at the business of baseball. Business decisions have brought us free agency, the M.L.B. Player's Association, longterm contracts, and exorbitant signing bonuses. The business of the sport has also begun to look beyond America and has become increasingly international in its appeal, with 147 foreign national players from 19 countries now playing in major league baseball.

To help flesh out major trends in baseball which follow from these business decisions, the Athenaeum has assembled a panel of CMC alumni prominent in baseball to represent the perspectives of players, coaches, and general managers. Moderating this panel will be Claremont-Mudd-Scripps founding athletics director and longtime baseball coach Bill Arce. Coach Arce has spent the last 35 years of his life promoting baseball at home and abroad. Beginning in 1962, he used sabbaticals and summer vacations to develop baseball in various European countries including Holland and Italy, two countries for whom he coached teams to European championships. He is now widely recognized as one of the great ambassadors of the game.

Wes Parker, a 1962 CMC alumnus, was the first baseman for the Los Angeles Dodgers from 1964 to 1972 and earned Gold Gloves for fielding his last six years in the Majors. He retired as the finest fielding first baseman ever by both reputation and percentage. He was also the team's rookie of the year and MVP in 1970. He will present the perspective of the players and the unions and their role in the business of baseball.

Andy Roundtree is a 1976 graduate of CMC and is currently the Vice-President of Finance and Administration for both the Anaheim Angels and the Mighty Ducks. He is responsible for the overall financial operation of the clubs, including budgeting, accounting, planning, and payroll. He will be representing management's perspective on changes that have occurred in the business of baseball.

Finally, Dean Taylor '73, the Assistant General Manager of the Atlanta Braves, will place himself squarely in the middle of management and labor, to discuss the difficult role of the general manager in managing the great changes and many conflicts that have been very much a part of baseball in the last few decades.

An Afternoon with Geronimo Ji Jaga Pratt

In a society that imprisons unjustly, the only place for a just man is in prison.

-Geronimo Ji Jaga
(quoting from Henry David Thoreau)

Among the many controversies of the '60s that still haunt us today is the mystery surrounding the role of the Black Panther Party. As a militant group advocating change, many questions remain unanswered regarding its activities. The case of Elmer Pratt (now known as Geronimo Ji Jaga) is the most prominent example. A former Green Beret and decorated Vietnam veteran, Ji Jaga, who was deputy defense minister for the Black Panthers and head of its Southern California chapter, was convicted of the 1968 murder of a Santa Monica school teacher in 1972. He was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison. The conviction was overturned in a Santa Ana Superior Court in May of this year, and two weeks later the judge released Ji Jaga on $25,000 bail pending a new trial.

The matter is still cloaked in controversy, much of which seems to stem from long-dormant passions of the '60s being reawakened. Ji Jaga contends that he was railroaded for the killing, as FBI and police sought to undermine the Black Panther movement in California. Defended by Johnnie Cochran, Ji Jaga managed to get a retrial based on new evidence that a witness against him lied under oath about being a police and FBI informant. Another piece of evidence was a 1970 FBI memo containing a directive to "neutralize Pratt as an effective B.P.P. functionary." Ji Jaga maintains that he was in Oakland at the Black Panther Party headquarters at the time of the killing. However, the prosecution claims that there is more evidence implicating Ji Jaga, and so his struggle continues.

No reservations are needed to attend this 4:00 p.m. lecture in McKenna Auditorium and seating is on a first-come basis. This lecture is sponsored by the Athenaeum, OBSA, and CMC alumnus John Allen '73.

The Spoils Society

In The Good Life and Its Discontents: The American Dream in the Age of Entitlement 1945-1995 (1997), Robert Samuelson looks squarely at a society that has never had it so good yet never felt so bad. With an analysis that takes in history, economics, psychology, and popular culture, he argues that the American Dream has been transformed into an American fantasy whose inevitable failure has left millions of us anxious about our future.

Based in Washington, DC, Samuelson began his journalism career as a reporter on The Washington Post 's Business Desk in 1969. Four years later he left to become a freelance writer and has been published by The Sunday Times (London), Los Angeles Times, The New Republic, and the Columbia Journalism Review. Samuelson joined The National Journal as an economics correspondent in 1976 and began writing the "Economic Focus" column. He became a contributing editor in 1981 and left the magazine in 1984 to join Newsweek as a contributing editor.

Samuelson has earned many journalism awards, including the 1993 John Hancock Award for Best Business and Financial Columnist, and the 1993 Gerald Loeb Award for Best Commentary. He was named a Loeb finalist in 1988 for his columns on the October 1987 Wall Street crash. Before joining Newsweek, Samuelson also won a 1981 National Magazine Award and a 1983 Loeb Award.

Robert Samuelson comes to the Athenaeum as part of the series Perceptions of the American Dream and to discuss issues raised in The Good Life and Its Discontents, a New York Times Business Book Bestseller and a Business Week Best Book of the Year.