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William F. Podlich Distinguished Visitor

Ethnic and Civic Nationalism in the Civil War: Was Blood Thicker Than Water?

James M. McPherson, a renowned historian of the Civil War, is the George Henry Davis Professor of American History at Princeton University. He is the author of Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (1988), which won the 1989 Pulitzer Prize in history, as well as the Christopher Award and the Best Book Award of the American Military Institute. His many other books include The Struggle for Equality: Abolitionists and the Negro in the Civil War and Reconstruction (1964, winner of the Anisfield-Wolf Prize), The Negro's Civil War (1965), The Abolitionist Legacy (1975), Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction (1982), Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution (1992), and For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War (1997).

Born in North Dakota, McPherson received his B.A. from Gustavus Adolphus College and his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University. A member of the Princeton faculty since 1962, he has been awarded fellowships by the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and the Huntington Library.

Few academic historians reach large public audiences but James McPherson has done so by combining rigorous scholarship with compelling narrative. His books on the Civil War show that military events were fundamentally social and political in their origins and effects; that the fighting and dying shaped this nation. He illuminates what Walt Whitman called "[t]he real war," which McPherson defines as "the experiences of the three million soldiers and the vicarious extensions of those experiences to their friends and families back home, who constituted almost the whole of the American people."

McPherson is the second of three guests that the Claremont McKenna College history department has invited to inaugurate the William F. Podlich Distinguished Visitors Program. This program is generously endowed by CMC alumnus and trustee William F. Podlich '66, whose aim is to enrich the college intellectually by bringing preeminent figures in scholarship, business and public affairs to campus for extended visits. James M. McPherson will speak twice at the Athenaeum. Sign up for each lecture separately on the Reservations page.

Prairie Lawyer on Trial: Lincoln as Commander-in- Chief

Martin Luther King, Jr. Birthday Celebration: The Old Ship of Zion

African American gospel music has its origins in the slave song, field hollers, and Negro Spirituals that sustained and perpetuated the culture of the rural African American and provided a complementary strength during the period of enslavement. By the 20th century it had evolved into a more emotional and jubilant black religious music, an urban counterpart of the spiritual and blues, which reflected the new freedom of religious, social, and political consciousness of African Americans.

Horace Clarence Boyer, a professional gospel singer, will present a guided tour through each stage of development of gospel music. As a vocal soloist, Boyer has appeared in numerous solo recitals. His lecture/concert four years ago is remembered as one of the Athenaeum's most outstanding and inspirational programs. As a musical director, Boyer has overseen several musicals including James Baldwin's Blues for Mr. Charlie in association with the author. He has been curator of musical instruments at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, during which time he directed the famed Fisk Jubilee Singers. With his brother James, the Boyer Brothers performed with such artists as Mahalia Jackson and Dorothy Love Coates, recording on the Savoy and Nashboro labels.

Boyer holds a Ph.D. from the Eastman School of Music and is a professor of music at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Boyer's most recent book How Sweet the Sound: The Golden Age of Gospel was published in 1995.

Shamans and Endorphins

The connection between shamans and endorphins is truly a great and fascinating interdisciplinary exercise in the study of the human mind. "This improbable juxtaposition of an archaic healing system and a rapidly advancing new field in neurochemistry probably requires a word of explanation," warns our guest speaker, Raymond H. Prince, M.D. Prince, one of the founding figures of transcultural psychiatry, is a retired professor of psychiatry at McGill University, Canada.

Although healing practices around the world are extremely diverse and complex systems, their fundamental mechanisms are believed to be quite uniform across cultures. The basic traits include: the world view shared by patients and healers, positive patient expectancy, personal qualities of the practitioner, and heightening of the patient's sense of mastery. However, these external and frequently reiterated factors are really only half the story. Prince's original contribution focuses on a neglected component; namely, the existence of an endogenous healing mechanism which could operate spontaneously. This mechanism could be mobilized with or without the help of a healer.

Prince is a leading scholar who has contributed over 140 papers in social and transcultural psychiatry. His interests range from the study of psychiatric disorders among Africans, Amerindians, and the chronically poor to the study of mystical states, personality change and religious experiences, trance and possession states, psychedelics, and life stress and coronary heart diseases. He has firsthand experience among the Yoruba (Nigeria) and the Cree (Canada).

This lecture is part of the Brain, Mind and Medicine: Cross Cultural Perspectives Program sponsored by CMC, Harvey Mudd, and Pitzer Colleges.

The Good News, The Bad News

Having produced such hits as Sleepless in Seattle (1993), Risky Business (1983), Contact (1997), and Adventures in Babysitting (1987), Lynda Obst has become a Hollywood veteran. She began her career in film and journalism as the editor/author of The Rolling Stone history of the sixties; The Sixties: The Decade Remembered Now, by the People Who Lived It Then (1977) and soon became an editor at The New York Times Magazine. Since 1979 Obst has produced films for Casablanca/Polygram, the David Geffen Company, and Hill/ Obst productions at Paramount Pictures. In 1989 she started her own production company as a part of Columbia Pictures.

Based on her experiences working in the film industry, Obst wrote Hello, He Lied: And Other Truths from the Hollywood Trenches (1996), described as a " [w]itty and incisive survival manual that's chock full of observational advice and wisdom about navigating the power-dominated world of Hollywood moviemaking." From a uniquely feminist perspective it covers topics from the art of pitching to working with actors and directors. Though her book focused on the business of creating and producing films, Obst's advice has been applied to a wide variety of industries in which, as she explains, "mixed genders [are] in the trenches together for the first time."

A native Texan, Obst continues to produce and write for The New York Times, American Film, and Harper's.

During her Athenaeum presentation Obst will share her insights on Hollywood, the business world, and life.

Thinking Through Confucius

An internationally prominent scholar of Chinese and comparative philosophy, Roger T. Ames is a professor of philosophy and director of the Center for Chinese Studies at the University of Hawaii. He is editor of the leading scholarly journal of comparative philosophy, Philosophy East and West, and editor of China Review International. Ames has taught in Taiwan; Cambridge, England; Beijing; and Hong Kong and has been invited to speak at many universities around the world. His recent publications include translations of Chinese classics: Sun-Tzu: The Art of Warfare (1993); Sun Pin: The Art of Warfare (1996) and Tracing Dao to Its Source (1997) (both with D.C. Lau); and the Confucian Analects (with H. Rosemont) (1998). He has also authored many interpretive studies of Chinese philosophy and culture: Thinking Through Confucius (1987), Anticipating China: Thinking Through the Narratives of Chinese and Western Culture (1995), and Thinking from the Han: Self, Truth, and Transcendence in Chinese and Western Culture (1997) (all with D.L. Hall).

Ames is a pioneer in integrating Eastern and Western philosophy into undergraduate teaching. He is codirector of the Institute for College Teachers, a partnership between the University of Hawaii and the East-West Center, which assists American educators in infusing Asian content into the undergraduate core curriculum.

In addition to his role at CMC as a speaker in the Athenaeum series, Roger Ames is a guest of the CMC course Questions of Civilization. He will be assisting the Civ 10 faculty in their teaching of Confucius' Analects.

The Work of the Future

Robert B. Reich is University Professor and the Maurice B. Hexter Professor of Social and Economic Policy at Brandeis and its Heller Graduate School.

Before joining Brandeis he served as the nation's 22nd Secretary of Labor during President Bill Clinton's first term. In this capacity he led several groundbreaking initiatives to build the skills of American workers. The School-to-Work Opportunities Act, which the President signed into law in 1994, eases the transition from school to the world of work for the 75 percent of America's youth who do not graduate from college. Goals 2000 establishes a national system of skill standards to ensure that workers acquire the skills that employers demand. Under Secretary Reich the Family and Medical Leave Act was passed and implemented, and he was instrumental in raising the minimum wage for the first time since 1989. In addition to these new programs, Reich cracked down on unsafe worksites and worked to abolish sweatshops in the United States and eradicate child labor around the world.

Prior to his appointment as Secretary of Labor, Reich taught at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. He also served in the Ford Administration as an assistant to the Solicitor General and in the Carter Administration as the head of the policy planning staff to the Federal Trade Commission.

Reich is the author of seven books, including The Work of Nations: Preparing Ourselves for 21st Century Capitalism (1991) and Locked in the Cabinet (1997), and more than 200 articles on the global economy, the changing nature of work, and the centrality of human capital.

Robert Reich's visit to Claremont is sponsored by the Res Publica Society of Claremont McKenna College and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum.

Beyond the Flower: The Evolution of a Feminist Artist

Judy Chicago is an artist, writer, and teacher whose work and philosophy have had a worldwide impact. For over three decades, Chicago has remained steadfast in her commitment to the power of art as a vehicle for intellectual transformation and social change and is known and respected as an artist and humanist whose work and life are a model for an enlarged definition of art. In the early seventies Chicago pioneered feminist art education with a unique program for women at Fresno State University. In 1971 she brought her program to the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia where, with artist Miriam Shapiro, she established the Feminist Art Program.

In her Athenaeum lecture and slide presentation Chicago will explore the development of her vision of what it means to be a feminist artist by focusing on "The Dinner Party: A Symbol of Our Heritage" (1979), "The Birth Project" (1985), and "The Holocaust Project: From Darkness into Light" (1993). Her renowned work "The Dinner Party," a multimedia installation that presents a symbolic history of women in Western civilization, traveled extensively in the United States, Canada, and Europe. Chicago celebrated birth and creation in Western art by designing a series of images for needlework called "The Birth Project." "The Holocaust Project: From Darkness into Light" is a culmination of eight years of inquiry, travel, study, and artistic production by Chicago and her husband Donald Woodman. This project combines Chicago's paintings and Woodman's photography with works in stained glass and tapestry. Chicago has published seven books, most recently Beyond the Flower: The Autobiography of a Feminist Artist (1996). A retrospective of her work will open at the Florida State University Art Museum in 1999.

Judy Chicago's appearance at the Athenaeum is the first lecture in the series Artists and Inspirations.

World War II and Asian Americans: A Panel Discussion

Like all Americans, World War II left an indelible mark on the lives of Asian Americans. The experiences of Japanese Americans, because of their incarceration as well as their bravery in the U.S. armed forces, have become part of the collective memory of the war in the United States. Lesser known are the stories of other Asian Americans who also served as soldiers and in other capacities in the Allied effort.

In particular, the panel discussion will center on Chinese, Filipino, and Korean Americans. Immigrants and their descendants from all three groups keenly felt the effects of the war not only in their own lives, but also because the war has such profound consequences for their ancestral homelands.

The Athenaeum is fortunate to have a panel of scholars whose expertise includes the domestic and international dimentions of the war experience for the groups mentioned. Professor Gordon Chang, Stanford University, is a leading diplomatic and Asian American historian whose work includes Sino-U.S. relations. Professor Wayne Patterson, St. Norbert's College (Wisconsin), is a scholar of Korean history and international relations and has published on Korean migration to Hawaii. Professor Steffi San Buenaventura, University of California, Riverside, is an expert on Filipino America and her work has examined its transnational nature. The panel commentator is professor Yuji Ichioka, UCLA, who has published widely on Japanese migration to the United States.

This panel discussion is cosponsored by the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies as part of the series, "The State of Asian America: Identity, Politics, and Culture," and by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies.

From the Director

Happy New Year and welcome back to the Athenaeum! Your participation, creative ideas, and positive support are essential to our success. Thanks to all who helped create a superb fall semester at the Athenaeum.

I hope you will mark your calendar for upcoming programs that pique your interest or curiosity. Information, books, and articles about current and upcoming speakers will be available in Parents Library.

If you plan to attend the meal preceding an event, you must reserve in advance by using the reservation form in The Fortnightly. Please cancel your reservation by noon on the day of the event if you find that you are unable to attend. No reservations are needed for just the lecture or performance.

There are occasional questions concerning protocol for guests who wish to attend Athenaeum events. The Athenaeum Advisory Committee adopted the "House Rules" statement found on the next page and posted in the lobby of the Athenaeum.

If you have questions or comments, you are welcome to come by my office (Room 218, located upstairs in the Athenaeum) or speak with David Edwards, Athenaeum Manager.

We look forward to seeing you.


The Athenaeum serves as a gathering place where ideas, inquiry and fellowship bring students, faculty, staff, other scholars and nationally prominent speakers together.

Attendance at any event may be limited to CMC associated persons, to the people who signed up for dinner, or to the maximum number allowed by fire regulations. On some occasions the speaker may address the group in another forum or the college may set up a video feed to handle an overflow crowd.

House rules and common courtesy prohibit disruptive actions during an Athenaeum sponsored address-no shouting, no signs and no banners inside the building. The college has invited the guest speaker to address the audience-we ask that those who attend an Athenaeum sponsored function come to hear what the guest speaker has to say. Time allowing, there will be a period set aside for questions. Students will have priority during this portion of the program.

The Athenaeum has a dress code for all dinners-please dress in an appropriate manner-no shorts; no jeans; no t-shirts.