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How the Mind Works: Words and Rules

In his 1950 essay Computing Machinery and Intelligence, British
mathematician Alan Turing first proposed a connection between
computer logic and the biological world. Turing believed that the
foundations for computer logic could be found in biology and that
the biological world could just as easily be viewed from a mathematical perspective. Half a century later, best-selling author Steven Pinker has returned to the
subject in his latest book How the Mind Works (1999). In his book, Pinker attempts "to
reverse-engineer [the human brain to figure] out what natural selection designed
it to accomplish."

As a professor of psychology and director of the Center for Cognitive
Neuroscience at MIT, Pinker is one of the world's leading authorities in the
field of cognitive science. One of his specialties has been the study of
linguistics from both the cognitive and biological standpoints. Through his
many experiments, on both healthy and mentally disabled subjects, Pinker has
developed a "unified theory of how the system [of language] works
computationally, how it is learned, how it varies across languages...and how it is
represented in the brain."

Pinker's work has been hailed not only for its scientific quality, but also for
its readability and humor. He is well known in the media and has written for
Time, The New Republic, and the New York Times. Pinker was named as one of
Newsweek's "100 Americans for the Next Century" and appears in Esquire's
"Register of Outstanding Men and Women." The dinner is for CMC persons only, the lecture is open to all.

American Jazz Institute Orchestra: Celebrating Mingus
RAY DRUMMOND '68, bass
MARK MASTERS, conductor, American Jazz Institute Orchestra
LES LOVITT, trumpet
JERRY PINTER, saxophone
STEPHANIE O'KEEFE, french horn

Like so many other former CMC students, Ray Drummond faced a
dilemma shortly after graduation: should he pursue a career as a
business executive or follow his passion and become a full-time jazz
musician? It was a lucky day for Drummond, the jazz world, and
CMC when he decided to see how far his musical talents could take him.

Since making that decision, Drummond has demonstrated his prowess on the
bass, working with such artists as Art Farmer, David Murray, Houston
Person, Stan Getz, Kenney Burrell, and Ray Bryant in over two hundred recordings.
Drummond has also made seven of his own recordings including Camera in a Bag (1989),
Excursions (1993), and Vignettes (1995). Gene Santoro, writing for the Daily News, once said that
"Drummond create[s] elastic rhythmic textures that [keep] the soloists sharp and
the crowd's feet tapping. It's the kind of effect that everyone feels but only musicians hear." One assumes it was worth scrapping his day job.

A superb bassist, Drummond is also well known
as a composer, conductor, producer, and instructor. He has taught at music
schools all over the world, including the Stanford Jazz Workshop, the Berklee
School of Music, the University of Massachusetts, and the Sibelius Academy of
Music in Helsinki, Finland. Please join the Athenaeum in once again welcoming
back one of CMC's greatest alumni as he celebrates the music of another famed
bassist, Charles Mingus. Ray Drummond will be performing with the American Jazz Institute Orchestra.

No Such Thing as Total Civilian Control of the Military

For the first 170 years of U.S. history, our small
military was rarely seen and barely heard in
peacetime. However, after 1945 it was felt that we had to
maintain a large standing force, faced as we were, or thought we were, by an ideologically and strategically
aggressive Soviet Union. It was virtually inevitable that, being so
much bigger, the military would leave a much larger imprint on
American society than had been the case in the past.

What has this meant for civilian control of the military? What
are the implications of an officer corps which appears to be more
overtly politicized than before? Robert Goldich will address
these questions and more.

Goldich is a specialist in national defense and former
head of the Manpower and Budgets Section of the Foreign
Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, Congressional Research
Service (CRS), Library of Congress. CRS is a government agency
which provides research and analysis of public policy issues for
members and committees of the Congress. Goldich has
been employed at CRS since 1972.

Goldich's principal areas of expertise are defense manpower
and personnel issues, defense organization and management,
U.S. Army and Marine Corps force structure and doctrine, and
military history. He has written and coordinated CRS analyses
of overall current defense policy issues and is currently working
on a major study tentatively entitled "The Marine Corps Prepares
for the 21st Century: Selected Issues for Congress." Mr. Goldich has
also published articles in various professional journals of military
history and defense analysis.

Robert Goldich received a B.A. in history and political
science from CMC, an M.A. in international affairs from
George Washington University in 1977, and graduated from the
National War College in 1982.

Robert Goldich's visit to CMC is co-sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies and
Professor Harold W. Rood.

Civil Liberties and Public Morality

Why prevent victimless crimes? Why not let people
act as they please as long as they do no harm to
others? Many Americans agree that government
has no business meddling in the "private lives" of
its citizens, but Robert George thinks that this opinion needs to
be reexamined. McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence at
Princeton University, Robert P. George persuasively argues that
private virtue is a matter of public concern. George embraces
"natural law theory" while questioning the central doctrines of
modern liberal jurisprudence. He argues that moral legislation
can play a legitimate role in maintaining a social environment
conducive to virtue and inhospitable to at least some forms of

In Making Men Moral: Civil Liberties and Public Morality (1995),
George defends the society which seeks to "make men moral" as
long as the moral legislation is rightly grounded in natural law.
In so doing, he replaces legal positivism - the notion that actions
are right or wrong because government says so - with objective
moral truths discoverable by reason.

Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest in a variety
of scholarly disciplines including law, philosophy, political
science, and theology. Robert George stands at the forefront of
this movement. In addition to Making Men Moral, he is author
of In Defense of Natural Law (1999) and The Autonomy of Law: Essays on
Legal Positivism
(1999). He has also published articles in the areas of
jurisprudence and constirutional law. George is a member of the
editorial board of the American Journal of Jurisprudence and the
board of directors of the Philosophy Education Society. He has
received a Judicial Fellowship from the Supreme Court of the
United States and is a former Presidential appointee to the
United States Commission on Civil Rights.

Robert George received a law degree from Harvard Law
School and a doctorate in philosophy from Oxford University.
Professor George's talk is sponsored by CMC's Henry Salvatori
Center for the Study of Individual Freedom in the Modern

The Seventeenth Amendment and the Death of Federalism

The framers of the United States Constitution
believed that federalism would be protected
primarily by the manner of electing the Senate.
Professor Ralph Rossum argues that the Seventeenth Amendment, by replacing the election of senators by state
legislatures with direct election by the people, changed all that
and effectively killed federalism as a viable constitutional
principle capable of limiting the growing powers of the federal
government. In this lecture, based on his forthcoming book,
Rossum will explore the social and political forces at work in the
nation that led the states to clamor for an amendment that
effectively removed the crucial means for protecting the federal/
state balance and the interests of states as states.

Ralph Rossum is the director of the Rose Institute of State
and Local Government and the Henry Salvatori Professor of
American Constitutionalism at Claremont McKenna College; he
is also a member of the faculty of Claremont Graduate University. He earned his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of
Chicago and is the author of seven books, including American
Constitutional Law: Cases and Interpretation
(1983), a two-volume work now in the fifth edition,
and over 60 book chapters or articles in law reviews and professional journals.

Prior to becoming director of the Rose Institute, Rossum was
project director of a $1 million grant to the Institute from the
U.S. Department of Justice to draft a model juvenile justice code
and work with state legislators to acquaint them with its
provisions. In the spring of 1994, he co-directed an international conference on comparative justice at the University of London.

Rossum has served as Associate Dean of the Graduate School
at Loyola University of Chicago, as Vice President and Dean of
the Faculty at Claremont McKenna College, and as President of
Hampden-Sydney College. He is currently chairman of the
Council of Scholars of the American Academy of Liberal
Education. Professor Rossum's lecture is part of the Athenaeum
series Faculty Ideas in Progress, as well as the series featuring
parents of CMC seniors (Brent Rossum '01).

Podlich Distinguished Fellow

Darwin's Ancestors and Descendants

Michael Ghiselin is one of the pioneers of modern
evolutionary theory. His unique interdisciplinary
approach has brought together philosophy,
economics, history, and biology in a synthesis that
promises to make biology the historical science that Darwin
envisioned 150 years ago.

In his recent magisterial Metaphysics and the Origin of
, (SUNY 1997), Ghiselin addresses one of the fundamental
problems that confronts biology and evolution-the definition
and relation of individuals and species. Ghiselin argues that
species are not kinds of organisms but wholes composed of
organisms-individuals in the broadest ontological sense.

The recipient of a 1981 MacArthur Prize, Professor Ghiselin
has long been recognized a leader in the philosophy of biology.
His 1969 landmark The Triumph of the Darwinian Method,
received the Pfizer Award of the History of Science Society. A
Senior Research Fellow at the California Academy of Science, he
is also the author of Intellectual Compromise: The Bottom Line (1989) and The
Economy of Nature and the Evolution of Sex
(1974). In addition to
dozens of articles in various fields, Professor Ghiselin is editor of
the journal Bioeconomics and of the CD-ROM, Darwin (1997).
He joins us at Claremont McKenna College as a Podlich
Distinguished Fellow for the month of February.

They Call Me Coach

"Success is peace of mind that is a direct result of self-satisfaction in knowing you did your best
to become the best you are capable of becoming

-John R. Wooden

John Wooden-named "Coach of the
Century" by ESPN-will be the guest of
honor at a special dinner and program at
the Marian
Miner Cook Athenaeum,
where he will receive the
prestigious Henry Kravis
Leadership Award. The
evening will also serve to
recognize the student athletes
and coaches of the CMS
(Claremont McKenna,
Harvey Mudd, Scripps)
athletic program.

Coach Wooden is
regarded as the greatest coach
in college basketball history.
He guided UCLA to 88
consecutive wins, a college
basketball record, en route to
an unprecedented record of
10 NCAA basketball
championships in twelve
years from 1964 to 1975. He
is the only man elected to the
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame both as a player and a coach. Coach
Wooden's numerous awards include the Sporting News and
Sports Illustrated "Sportsman of the Year," and the Whitney
Young Urban League Award for Humanitarian Service,
and most recently "Coach of the Century" by ESPN.

Respect for Coach Wooden goes beyond his successful
career at UCLA. Denny Crum, UCLA '59, head basketball coach, University of Louisville, writes, "Everyone
who has ever coached
understands that organizing players on the floor is
only a small part of a
coach's role. A good coach
emphasizes preparation,
dedication, teamwork,
responsibility and accountability. He or she must be a
teacher and a role model.
Coach Wooden is the
perfect role model not only
for anyone who aspires to
be a successful coach, but
anyone who wants to be a
productive citizen."

Books authored by John
Wooden include: Wooden:
A Lifetime of Observations
and Reflections On and Off
the Court
(1997); Practical Modern
(1966); They Call Me
(1972), and Be Quick But
Don't Hurry: Management Secrets from John Wooden's
Pyramid of Success
(with Andrew Hill, 2001).

Dinner reservations are for CMC persons only. The
program will be held in the Athenaeum with overflow
seating in McKenna Auditorium, where there will be live,
remote video projection.

Interact Theater Company: Antigone by Jean Anouilh
LANCE DAVIS, first guard
GREG WHITE, second guard
MATT SULLIVAN, messenger

Propaganda is a soft weapon; hold it in your hands too long,
and it will move about like a make, and strike the other way

in Jean Anouilh's The Lark

When, in 1944, Jean Anouilh loosed his venomous
Antigone in the theater, it struck with full force
and virulence upon the Vichy government and
occupying Nazis. In Anouilh's adaptation of
Sophocles' classic play, the titular heroine rejects the authoritarian King Creon and chooses to die rather than to live under
oppression. The "snake" had indeed found and attacked the
intended quarry.

In its continuing commitment to bring artistic, cultural, and
musical events to the community, the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies proudly sponsors the Interact Theatre Company's
production of Anouilh's Antigone. Interact is an independent
collective, formed in North Hollywood in the early 1990's by
transplanted, experienced New York stage actors. Since its first
productions in 1992, it has received 53 awards and 91 nominations for its achievements in the theater. These include 17
nominations from the Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle, four
Theatre LA Ovation Awards (from nine nominations), five Back
Stage West Garland Awards (as well as ten Honorable Mentions), and 22 Drama-Logue Awards. The Los Angeles Times
has called Interact "one of the true theatre successes of the '90's,"
while Back Stage West has praised it for "sustained excellence in

Interact's repertory has been as comprehensive and exploratory as its community outreach. The annual Interactivity
Festival, begun in 1994, has brought nearly 140 plays (classic,
modern, and experimental), featuring over 350 actors, to some
5,000 patrons. Interplay, a Children's Theatre Workshop,
affords culturally diverse and artistically underserved youth and
their parents the opportunity to explore their natural creativity
under the guidance and encouragement of skilled theater

Being Mindful When Your Mind is Already Too Full

In describing Mary Rose O'Reilley's The Barn at the
End of the World: The Apprenticeship of a Quaker,
Buddhist Shepherd
(2000), Publisher's Weekly writes, "Her
short vignettes are luminous with faith matters, yet
full of the earthly details of animal husbandry, resulting in a style
that is a cross between Kathleen Norris and James Herriot."
O'Reilley, who was raised a Catholic, became a Quaker, and is a
student of Mahayana Buddhism, tries to follow her beliefs in her
everyday life.

O'Reilley believes that living spiritually does not mean one
has to separate oneself from the body and the world. This
attitude fueled her desire to work with animals, an occupation
she felt connected the physical world to her spiritual pursuits.
O'Reilley's year tending sheep are the basis for her new book The
Barn at the End of the World
. In the book, O'Reilley describes
inoculating and learning to "flip" sheep; she engages the question
of animal rights and writes of the peace she feels in the presence
of animal creation (both life and death). Midway through her
year in the barn, she takes a month-long trip to the Buddhist
monastery. Plum Village, to study the teachings of Thich N'hat
Hanh. Through all of this O'Reilley found a way to live consciously in the world. She found, in the barn and the monastery,
a spirituality that is based on a connection to the natural world, to
living in and fully loving the world.

O'Reilley is the recipient of many awards including a
Minnesota State Arts Board Fellowship, a Bush Artists' Fellowship, the Sears Roebuck Foundation Award for Teaching and
Campus Leadership, and the Helen Hold Fellowship for Quaker
Teachers. She is also the author of The Peaceable Classroom (1993) and
Radical Presence: Teaching as Contemplative Practice (1998). Currently, O'Reilley teaches at the University
of St. Thomas in St Paul, Minnesota. Mary Rose O'Reilley
appears at the Athenaeum as the second speaker in the series
Women and Spirituality.


Monday, March 5, 2001
Susan Shirk, professor of political science,
UCSD, "The Self-Defeating Nature of
Chinese Foreign Policy"

Tuesday, March 6, 2001
Nathan Rosenberg, Fairleigh S. Dickinson,
Jr. Professor of Public Policy, Stanford
University, "How the West Grew Rich"

Wednesday, March 7, 2001
Sergio Aguayo, professor of political
science, Center for International
Studies, El Colegio de Mexico, and
president of the Mexican Academy
of Human Rights

Monday, March 19, 2001
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, former
Democratic Senator from New York
(Pacesetter Fellow), with commentary
and discussion by James Q. Wilson,
political scientist and author

Wednesday, March 21, 2001
George Weigel, Senior Fellow of the Ethics
and Public Policy Center, author of
Witness to Hope: A Biography of John
Paul II
(1999), and The Final Revolution:
The Resistance Church and the Collapse
of Communism
(1992), "The Legacy of John
Paul II"

Thursday, March 22, 2001
Con Gioia Early Music Ensemble, Preethi
de Silva, professor of music, Scripps
College, "Bach and the Cembalo