Kind, Amy. “Desire-Like Imagination.” Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination, edited by Amy Kind, Routledge, 2016, 163-176.
Abstract: Imagine that there is a baby kangaroo hiding under your desk. Though presumably this isn’t something that you believe, your imagining might be thought of as importantly analogous to belief, and the same holds more generally for imaginings that are attitudinal in nature. In particular, such imaginings aim to capture truths about fictional worlds in the same way that belief aims to capture truths about the actual world. Recently, however, there has been considerable interest in the question of whether there might be imaginings that are counterparts to desire in addition to imaginings that are counterparts to belief. Desire-like imagination has been thought to have the potential to elucidate several puzzling phenomena that arise in imaginative contexts. But whether desire-like imagination is really needed to explain such phenomena – and whether there really is such a thing as desire-like imagination—remains hotly contested. This essay begins by fleshing out a fuller sense of what desire-like imagination is meant to be and then considers the cases both for and against.
Kind, Amy. "Imaginative Phenomenology and Existential Status." Rivista internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 7.2, 2016, 273-278.
Abstract: In this essay I explore the account of imaginative phenomenology developed by Uriah Kriegel in Varieties of Consciousness. On his view, the difference between perceptual phenomenology and imaginative phenomenology arises from the way that they present the existential status of their object: While perceptual experience presents its object as existent, imaginative experience presents its object as non-existent. While I agree with Kriegel that it’s likely that the difference between imaginative phenomenology and perceptual phenomenology is one not just of degree but of kind, I worry about the particular account that he has developed. I thus develop two lines of criticism. First, I question whether Kriegel is right that imagination presents its object as non-existent. Second, I question whether this account of imaginative phenomenology is consistent with other commonly-accepted facts about the nature of imagination.
Kind, Amy. “Imagining Under Constraints.” Knowledge Through Imagination, edited by Amy Kind and Peter Kung, Oxford University Press, 145-159.
Abstract: As Hume has famously claimed, we are nowhere more free than in our imagination. While this feature of the imagination suggests that the imagination has a crucial role to play in modal epistemology, it also suggests that imagining cannot provide us with any non-modal knowledge about the world in which we live. In this paper, I reject this latter suggestion. Offering an account of imagining that I call "imagining under constraints,” I provide a framework for showing when and how an imaginative project can play a justificatory role with respect to our beliefs about the world. That we can be free in our imaginings does not show that they must proceed unfettered; as I argue, our ability to constrain our imaginings in light of facts about the world enables us to learn from them. The important upshot is that the imagination has considerably more epistemic significance than previously thought.
Kind, Amy. “Introduction: Exploring Imagination.” Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination, edited by Amy Kind, Routledge, 2016.
Kind, Amy, ed. Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Imagination, Routledge, 2016.
Abstract: Imagination occupies a central place in philosophy, going back to Aristotle. However, following a period of relative neglect there has been an explosion of interest in imagination in the past two decades as philosophers examine the role of imagination in debates about the mind and cognition, aesthetics and ethics, as well as epistemology, science and mathematics. This outstanding Handbook contains over thirty specially commissioned chapters by leading philosophers organized into six clear sections examining the most important aspects of the philosophy of imagination. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind and psychology, aesthetics, and ethics. It will also be a valuable resource for those in related disciplines such as psychology and art.
Kind, Amy. "The Snowman’s Imagination." American Philosophical Quarterly 53.4, 2016, 341-348.
Abstract: Not all imaginings are successful; sometimes, when an imaginer sets out to imagine some target, her imagining seems to involve some kind of mistake. This error can be diagnosed in two different ways: (1) the imaginer imagines her target badly, i.e., in a way that mischaracterizes it; or (2) the imaginer fails to imagine her target at all, rather she imagines something else that is similar in some ways to that target. In ordinary day-to-day imaginings, explanations of type (1) – what I call mischaracterized target explanations – seem most natural, but in discussions of philosophical imaginings (zombies, body swaps, etc.), philosophers tend to adopt explanations of type (2) – what I call missed target explanations. Surprisingly, however, this tendency goes unquestioned; what debate there is concerns whether there is imaginative error and not how to explain the imaginative error if there is any. In this paper, I suggest that explanations of imaginative error should stem from considerations internal to imagination, and that once we attend to such considerations, we see that there is little reason to prefer missed target explanations over mischaracterized target explanations.
Kind, Amy and Peter Kung. “Introduction: The Puzzle of Imaginative Use.” Knowledge Through Imagination, edited by Amy Kind and Peter Kung, Oxford University Press, 2016, 1-37.
Kind, Amy and Peter Kung, eds. Knowledge Through Imagination. Oxford University Press, 2016.
Abstract: Imagination is celebrated as our vehicle for escape from the mundane here and now. It transports us to distant lands of magic and make-believe. It provides us with diversions during boring meetings or long bus rides. It enables creation of new things that the world has never seen. Yet the focus on imagination as a means of escape from the real world minimizes the fact that imagination seems also to furnish us with knowledge about it. Imagination seems an essential component in our endeavor to learn about the world in which we live--whether we're planning for the future, aiming to understand other people, or figuring out whether two puzzle pieces fit together. But how can the same mental power that allows us to escape the world as it currently is also inform us about the world as it currently is? The ten original essays in Knowledge Through Imagination, along with a substantial introduction by the editors, grapple with this neglected question; in doing so, they present a diverse array of positions ranging from cautious optimism to deep-seated pessimism. Many of the essays proceed by considering specific domains of inquiry where imagination is often employed--from the navigation of our immediate environment, to the prediction of our own and other peoples' behavior, to the investigation of ethical truth. Other essays assess the prospects for knowledge through imagination from a more general perspective, looking at issues of cognitive architecture and basic rationality. Blending perspectives from philosophy of mind, cognitive science, epistemology, aesthetics, and ethics, Knowledge Through Imagination sheds new light on the epistemic role of imagination.