Adam Michnik

Photo Courtesy of Albert Zawada / Agencja Gazeta

Adam Michnik is the founder and editor-in-chief of Gazeta Wyborcza, Poland's highest-circulating daily newspaper.  He was is also co-founder of KOR (Committee for the Defense of Workers) in 1976.  Michnik was detained many times during 1965-1980.  A prominent "Solidarity" activist during the '80s, he spent a total of six years in Polish prisons for activities opposing the communist regime.

Michnik participated in the Round Table Talks in 1989, was a member of the first non-communist parliament from 1989 until 1991, at which point he created the first independent Polish newspaper, Gazeta Wyborcza.  He was been awarded many prizes and titles: the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award, the Erasmus Prize, the Francisco Cerecedo Journalist Prize (the first non-Spanish author to do so), Grand Prince Giedymin Order; Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur.  He has been awarded a doctorate honoris causa from The New School for Social Research in New York, the University of Minnesota, the University of Michigan, and from Connecticut College, and named honorary senator of the University of Ljubljana, honorary professor of the Kyiv Mohyla Academy.  In September 2011 Michnik won the Goethe Institute's Goethe Medal.

In addition, Michnik has written the following books: Ko?ció?, Lewica, Dialog (Church, the Left, Dialogue), Paris 1977; Z dziejów honoru w Polsce. Wypisy wi?zienne (From the History of Honour in Poland. Prison Notes), Paris 1985; Midzy Panem a Plebanem, Warszawa 1995; Wicieko i wstyd, Warszawa 2005; and  W poszukiwaniu utraconego sensu, Warszawa 2007.