Title: Burnet C. Wohlford Professor of American Political Institutions


Office address: Pitzer Hall, CMC

850 North Columbia Avenue

Claremont, California 91711


Home Address: 875 North College Avenue

Claremont, California 91711


Date of Birth: August 6, 1937


Marital Status: Married, Myrna, two sons, William and Christopher




Harvard University: A.B. 1959; A.M., Ph.D. 1968

University of Virginia: LL.B. 1964




1965-67: Teaching fellow, Harvard, Tutor in Government, Kirkland House


1968- Government Department, Claremont McKenna College, Subjects: American Government, Constitutional Law, Representation and the Supreme Court, Law and Social Change, Government and the Economy, Politics of Population, Topics in Political Development; Politics, Philosophy & Economics, Shakespeare Clinic




1960-61: Officer in Charge, Eighth U.S. Army Order of Battle War Room, Korea.

1964: Law Associate, Covington & Burling, Washington, D.C.

1968-72: Director, Henry Salvatori Center for the Study of

Individual Freedom in the Modern World.

1968-84: Chairman, Academic Advisory Symposium, Fourth ROTC

Regional Command. (formerly Sixth Army).

1976-78: Member, California Transportation Plan Advisory Committee; Army Advisory Panel on ROTC Affairs.

1977-88: Member South Coast Air Quality Management District Advisory Council.

1980-81: Member, National Commission on Air Quality Southern California Advisory Committee.

1995-98: Member, SCAG/SCAQMD Reduce Emissions and Congestion on Highways (REACH) Task Force.





National Scholar, Harvard; Virginia Law School Scholarship; NSF Fellow; Henry Salvatori Fellow, Claremont McKenna College; Earhart Fellow (twice); NIH Fellow; Director, NEH Summer Seminar on Crime & Punishment; NEH Summer Research Fellow; Haynes Fellow.




Distinguished Civilian Service Medal, 1973

Roy C. Crocker Prize for Merit, Claremont McKenna College, 1984

Life member of CMC Alumni Association, 1986

Honorary Member CMC Class of 1974

Phi Beta Kappa, 1990

Burnet C. Wohlford Professor of American Political Institutions, 1994-

Presidential Award for Merit, Claremont McKenna College, 1999




Member, Virginia (former) and D.C. bars; American Association for the Advancement of Science; Sierra Club; Planning and Conservation League; Chairman, Group Against Smog Pollution, 1972- ; President, Coalition for Clean Air, 1980-86; vice-president, 1972-80, 1986-88; board member, 1971-; Society for the Preservation of the Middle Class, 1976-; Claremont Power Lawn Mower Precision Drill Team, 1976-86.




I. Political Representation


The Rise of Guardian Democracy: The Supreme Court's Role in Voting Rights Disputes 1875-1969, Harvard Political Studies, Harvard University Press, 1975.


“Prometheus, Proteus, Pandora, and Procrustes Unbound The Political Consequences of Reapportionment,” 37 Chicago L. Rev. 474 (1970).


“Why Shouldn't Californians Be Able to Vote on Districts?” Los Angeles Times, 21 July 1983.


Review of Bruce Cain, The Reapportionment Puzzle, 2 Constitutional Commentary 203 (1985).


13 Articles in Levy, Karst, and Mahoney, Eds., The Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, New York: Macmillan, 1986, including: “Representation, l5th Amendment,” “Baker v. Carr,” “Electoral College,” “Gerrymanders,” “Multi-Member Districts,” One Person, One Vote,” and “Proportional Representation.”


7 Articles in Kermit Hall, Ed., The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court, New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, on “Gerrymandering” and six voting rights cases.


Review of Bernard Grofman, Ed., Political Gerrymandering and the Courts, 9 Constitutional Commentary 105 (Winter 1992).


“Lessons from the American Experience,” in John C. Courtney, et al., Drawing Boundaries Legislatures. Courts, and Electoral Values, Saskatoon, Fifth House, 1992.


“Suffrage” Forthcoming in the Oxford Companion to United States History.


II. Population


“Federal Law and Population Control,” Ch. 22 in Environmental Law Institute, Federal Environmental Law, West Publishing Co., 1974.


“Why the EPA Should Stop Ignoring Population Growth,” 17 Population and the Environment 151 (November 1995)


End Game? The Politics of Population. Book-length manuscript on population policy. Under preparation.



III. Transportation.


“The Los Angeles Affliction: Suggestions for a Cure,” The Public Interest, Winter 1975, reprinted, Los Angeles Times, 2 March 1975.


“The Case for Congestion Charges on the Golden Gate Bridge,” Rose Institute, CMC, August 1975.


“VMT Disincentive Choices for the Los Angeles Basin,” Rose Institute, CMC, September 1975, reprinted, Proceedings of Los Angeles Council of Engineers and Scientists, TRANSPO LA, November 12, 1975.


“Giving the Plan a Bottom Line: Suggestions for Adding Cost-Benefit Comparisons to the California Transportation Plan,” Rose Institute, CMC, May 1976, reprinted in USC Center for Public Affairs, Inst. for Public Policy Research, Transportation Alternatives for Southern California, April 1976.


“Road Use Charges and Jitneys: Some Thoughts on How to Introduce Them to Los Angeles,” Rose Institute, CMC, July 1976.


“Planning Committee Study on Congestion Charges,” South Coast Air Quality Management District Advisory Committee, February 1983.


“Fumbling Toward the Edge of History: California's Quest for a Road Pricing Experiment.” 20A Transportation Research 151 (May 1986).


“The Time is Now for Peak-Hour Road Charges -- A Rational Response to Smog and Congestion.” Golden State Briefings, March 1990.


“The Traffic Congestion Problem in Florida: Congestion Charges as an Alternative to Growth Management,” with Stephen Hayward. In Mandate for Prosperity, 1990.


“Peak-Hour Road Charges for Southern California: Has Their Hour Come Round at Last?” 46 Transportation Quarterly 517 (October 1992).


“Greenbacks Über Gridlock: The L.A. Freeway Solution,” The Washington Post, April 17, 1994, p. 5, c. 1.


“Toll Lanes Aren't Elitist; They're Smooth Riding for All,” Los Angeles Times, December 8, 1995


“The Fast Lane Factor: Why Southern California Needs Congestion Charges And How it Can Get Them.” White paper for REACH Task Force, October 9, 1995


“Greenbacks Über Gridlock II: Pricing the Way to Cleaner Air and Faster Roads in the South Coast Air Basin.” White paper for REACH Task Force, January 22, 1997


“Greenbacks Über Gridlock: REACH Task Force Shows L.A. How to Save Billions in Smog and Congestion Costs.” 3 Planning and Markets, Issue 1, October 2000, http://www-pam.usc.edu/


“Greenbacks Über Gridlock: REACH Task Force Shows L.A. How to Save Billions in Smog and Congestion Costs.” Longer, more documented version of the Planning and Markets article above, Claremont Economic Papers, http://econ.mckenna.edu/papers/2000-42.pdf.


IV. Smog, Energy


“A Program for Accelerated Smog Control, 1972 and later,” GASP white paper, reprinted as “Prospects for Clean Air,” Planning & Conservation League, April 1972.


“Oil Policy and the Energy Crisis: The Problems of Developing a Longer View,” Rose Institute of State and Local Government, Claremont Men's College, 1974.


“Blueprint for Clean Air: A Survey of Smog Control Strategies for the Los Angeles Basin,” Coalition for Clean Air White Paper, April, 1975.


“The $62 Question: Review Essay on David Harrison, Who Pays for Clean Air,” Technology and Society, Winter 1977.


“Pricing Pollution in the South Coast Basin: The Case for Emissions Charges,” Coalition for Clean Air White Paper, May 1977.


“The Costs of Smog in the South Coast Basin,” Coalition for Clean Air White Paper, February 1978.


“The South Coast Air Quality Management Plan: Map or Mandate?”, Coalition for Clean Air White Paper, December 1978.


“The Case for Smog Charges in the South Coast Basin,” Proceedings of the Air Pollution Control Association: Economic Incentives for Clean Air, January 1971.


“Full-Cost Emissions Charges for the South Coast Basin,” 7 The Environmental Professional 49 (1985)


“Economic Incentives for Smog Control: A Survey of Alternatives,” Coalition for Clean Air Discussion Paper, May 1991.


V. Shakespeare


Matching Shakespeare, 1988: Computer Testing of Elizabethan Texts for Common Authorship with Shakespeare. Claremont Colleges New Liberal Arts Program, April 1989.


Matching Shakespeare, 1989: Computer Testing of Elizabethan Texts for Common Authorship with Shakespeare. Claremont Colleges New Liberal Arts Program, July 1989.


Matching Shakespeare, 1990: Computer Testing of Elizabethan Texts for Common Authorship with Shakespeare. October 1990. With Rob Valenza. Final report of the 1990 Clinic.


Matching Shakespeare, 1995: Computer Testing of Elizabethan Texts for Common Authorship with Shakespeare. Final report of 1992-94 Shakespeare Clinics, CMC Practicum Program.


“The Shakespeare Clinic,” in the Shakespeare Newsletter, Fall-Winter 1989.


“The Shakespeare Clinic Post-Season Update,” Shakespeare Newsletter, Summer 1990.


“Glass Houses and Glass Slippers: The Shakespeare Clinic and Its Critics, summary of debate with Oxfordians,” Shakespeare Newsletter, Winter, 1990.


“Pretenders Sound Wrong Chords,” The Los Angeles Times, Apr. 26, 1991, P. B7, c. 1.


“Who Was Shakespeare?” Chance, Vol. 4, No. 3, Summer, 1991. June 24, 1991 version updated from printed version.


“A Touchstone for the Bard.” 25 Computers and the Humanities 199 (Dec. 1991) with Robert J. Valenza.


“Computers and the Oxford Candidacy,” October 1990. With Robert J. Valenza. Unauthorized paper presented at the Shakespeare Oxford Society Pasadena Convention.


“Was the Earl of Oxford the True Shakespeare? A Computer-Aided Analysis,” 236 Notes and Queries 501 (December 1991). With Robert J. Valenza.


“And Then There Were None: Winnowing the Shakespeare Claimants,” January 1996. With Robert J. Valenza. Summary of 1992-94 Shakespeare Clinics' final report, 30 Computers and the Humanities 191 (April 1996, appeared January 1997).


“Glass Slippers and Seven-League Boots: C-Prompted Doubts About Ascribing A Funeral Elegy and A Lover's Complaint to Shakespeare.” With Robert J. Valenza. 48 Shakespeare Quarterly 177 (June 1997)


“The Professor Doth Protest Too Much, Methinks: Problems with the Foster ‘Response.’” With Robert J. Valenza. 32 Computers and the Humanities 425 (1998).


“So Many Hardballs, So Few of them Over the Plate: Conclusions from our ‘Debate’ with Donald Foster.” With Robert J. Valenza. Abbreviated version, forthcoming in Computers and the Humanities


“So Much Hardball, So Little of it Over the Plate: Conclusions from our ‘Debate’ with Donald Foster.” With Robert J. Valenza. http://govt.claremontmckenna.edu/welliott/hardball.htm. (September, 2000). This is a longer, more substantiated version of our “So Many Hardballs” above.


“Smoking Guns and Silver Bullets: Could John Ford Have Written the Funeral Elegy?” With Robert J. Valenza. Forthcoming in Linguistic and Literary Computing.


“Can of Oxford Candidacy be Saved? A Response to W. Ron Hess: ‘Shakespeare’s Dates.’” 3 The Oxfordian 71, 2000.


In Search of Shakespeare: Computer-Aided Testing of Elizabethan Texts for Common Authorship with Shakespeare. With Robert J. Valenza. Under preparation.


VI. Other


“The Peacock Syndrome: Barriers to Economic Development in Egypt,” 15 Public Policy 212 (1968).


“Guilt and Overguilt: Some Reflections on Moral Stimulus and Paralysis,” 78 Ethics 247 (1968), reprinted in Jane Scheiber, Ed., Moral Choices in Contemporary Society, Publisher's, Inc., 1977.


“ROTC: Effective Brake on the War Machine,” Los Angeles Times, 11 May 1969, excerpts syndicated for 50 newspapers by Chicago Tribune.


“The Assault on ROTC,” The Alternative, December 1970, p. 5, reprinted, Army, January 1971.


“Political Attitudes at the Claremont Colleges,” CMC Government Dept., March 10, 1989.


“Left, Right, and Center: Student Politics Since the '60's,” Claremont McKenna College Profile, Summer, 1996.


Translation of Carmina Burana for Claremont Chorale, June 8, 1991, reprinted for 50th-Anniversary performance by Concert Choir and Claremont Concert Orchestra, Oct. 26-27, 1996.