Appel, Hilary and Mitchell Orenstein, "Ideas versus Resources: Explaining the Flat Tax and Pension Privatization Revolutions in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union,” Comparative Political Studies, volume 46, February 2013.
Appel, Hilary,“Is it Putin or Is it Oil? Explaining Russia’s Fiscal Recovery,” Post-Soviet Affairs, volume 24, October-December 2008, pp. 301-323.
Appel, Hilary, “International Imperatives and Tax Reform: Lessons from Postcommunist Europe,” Comparative Politics, volume 39, October 2006, pp. 43-62.
Appel, Hilary, “The Ideological Determinants of Liberal Economic Reform: The Case of Privatization,” World Politics, volume 52, July 2000, pp. 520-549.