Keil, Manfred. "The Inland Empire is on the Path to Recovery." San Bernardino Sun, March 26, 2020.
Abstract: After a deep recession starting in March 2020, San Bernardino County and Riverside County have been on an upswing since May. To fully recovery from the disastrously decline experienced earlier, the Leisure and
Hospitality Sector has to recover further.
Keil, Manfred, and Robert Kleinhenz. "Inland Economy Still Managing to Move Forward During Coronavirus Pandemic." San Bernardino
Sun, December 18, 2020.
Abstract: There will be four phases by which the Coronavirus business cycle will be remembered, ranging from the initial dramatic decline in output and employment, to the relatively fast partial recovery, a renewed
slowdown due to the spread of the virus, and the final period of full recovery due to a large proportion of the population having been vaccinated.
Keil, Manfred, and Robert Kleinhenz. "The State of the Inland Empire Labor Market." San Bernardino Sun, November 20, 2020.
Abstract: Both the lack of completely opening businesses in the Leisure and Hospitality sector and the lack of consumer confidence in venturing out into restaurants, continue to strain the economic recovery from the
Coronavirus shock. Job growth slowed down for the August to September period. Only nine of California's 58 counties had a higher unemployment rate.
Keil, Manfred, and Robert Kleinhenz. "Welcome to Hotel California? Losses in Tourism Industry Have Far-Reaching
Impacts." San Bernardino Sun, October 11, 2020.
Abstract: The tourism industry, in particular hotels, restaurants, and amusement parks, have been particularly hard hit by the Coronavirus recession. Roughly 40% of all jobs lost from March to May 2020 were in the Leisure
and Hospitality industry.
Keil, Manfred, and Think Smart as We Plan for Job Growth in the Inland Empire." The
Press-Enterprise, February 11, 2020.
Abstract: The Inland Empire has seen spectacular job growth, outpacing most areas in Southern California, since 2014. Unfortunately this job growth has not coincide with income growth of the same magnitude, since many of
the additional jobs created were in the logistics sector, which does not pay well.
Keil, Manfred and Fernando Lozano. "A Tale of Two Recessions and Recoveries.” San Bernardino Sun, December 5, 2020.
Abstract: The current recession and partial recovery is not evenly distribute across socio-economic groups. This is a K-shape recession with upper income employees having fully recovered, while lower income employees still
suffering large income cuts as a group.